How to design a gabion retaining wall?

Gabion retaining wall

How to design a gabion retaining wall?

Gabion retaining wall

Gabion retaining walls are built using wire mesh baskets filled with stones, rocks, or other materials. The baskets are arranged in layers to create a durable, stable wall resistant to erosion. Gabion retaining walls are commonly used for landscaping, erosion control, and retaining walls for roads, bridges, and other structures. Gabion retaining walls are attractive, durable, and environmentally friendly. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to design a Gabion retaining wall.

Step 1: Site Analysis And Preparation

The first step in designing a Gabion retaining wall is to conduct a site analysis. It involves surveying the site, assessing soil and drainage conditions, and identifying potential issues affecting the wall’s stability. Site analysis is critical in determining the wall’s size, location, and materials required.

Once the site analysis is complete, the area where you will construct the wall must be cleared and prepared. It includes removing existing vegetation, rocks, or debris from the site. The soil should be compacted and leveled to provide a stable foundation for the wall. Install drainage systems to prevent water buildup behind the wall.

Step 2: Wall Design

The Gabion retaining wall design is the most critical step in the process. The design should consider the wall’s height, length, and incline angle. The design should also consider the required load capacity, determined by the soil’s weight and the wall’s angle.

The wall design involves selecting the appropriate size and type of gabion baskets, the size and type of mesh, and the appropriate wire diameter. Choose the wire diameter of the mesh based on the intended use of the wall and the expected load capacity. A heavier gauge wire will be necessary for walls subjected to significant loads.

Step 3: Choosing The Right Stone

Select the stones used in the gabion baskets should carefully. The stones should be durable, resistant to erosion, and aesthetically pleasing. Choose the stones based on the mesh size used in the gabion baskets.

When selecting stones, it is essential to consider the color and texture of the stones. The stones should match the surrounding environment and look natural and attractive. It is also essential to consider the weight of the stones, as heavier stones will require larger baskets and thicker wire mesh.

Gabion retaining wall

Step 4: Construction Of The Wall

Once the design and materials are chosen, the Gabion retaining wall construction can begin. The gabion baskets are assembled on-site and filled with the chosen stones. The baskets should be placed end to end to create a continuous wall. The baskets and foundation should be securely fastened to each other to prevent movement.

The wall should be constructed from the bottom up. The gabion baskets should be filled with stones and backfilled with soil or gravel. Each layer should be leveled and compacted to ensure stability. Fill the top layer of the Gabion retaining wall with smaller stones to provide a finished appearance.

Step 5: Drainage

Drainage is critical in preventing water buildup behind the wall, which can cause damage to the wall and surrounding structures. Drainage systems can be installed during the wall’s construction or retrofitted later.

The most common drainage system used for Gabion retaining walls is a perforated drainage pipe that runs behind the wall. Place the pipe on a layer of gravel or stone to ensure proper drainage. The drainage system should carry water away from the wall and surrounding structures.

Step 6: Maintenance

Proper maintenance of the Gabion retaining wall is essential to ensure its longevity and stability. One must regularly inspect the signs of damage, including bulging, cracking, or movement. One must repair any damage promptly to prevent further damage.

In addition, one must inspect the drainage system regularly to ensure proper drainage. If the drainage system becomes clogged, water can build up behind the wall, causing damage to the wall and surrounding structures.

Regular cleaning of the gabion baskets is also necessary to prevent the accumulation of debris, which can cause damage to the wire mesh. The baskets can be cleaned using a high-pressure washer or by hand.

Gabion retaining wall

Step 7: Additional Considerations

When designing a Gabion retaining wall, there are some additional considerations to keep in mind. For instance, the wall may require permits or approvals from local authorities, depending on the location and size of the wall.

In addition, the wall may require landscaping to integrate it into the surrounding environment. It can include planting vegetation or installing decorative features like fountains or lighting.


Designing a Gabion retaining wall is a complex process that requires careful consideration of many factors. Proper site analysis, wall design, stone selection, construction, and maintenance are essential to ensure the wall’s longevity and stability. With the right design, materials, and construction techniques, a gabion wall can provide an attractive and durable solution for erosion control, retaining walls, and landscaping.


What is Gabion and Gabion Retaining Wall and how does it work

gabion retention wall

What is Gabion and Gabion Retaining Wall and how does it work

gabion retention wall

Gabion is derived from the Italian word Gabbione, meaning big cage box-shaped wire basket made of galvanized steel and filled with rocks, concrete, or sometimes sand and soil for the use of civil engineering, road building, military applications, and landscaping. These are used to slow the velocity of concentrated runoff to stabilize slopes with seepage problems or for non-cohesive soil. 7000 years ago when the Egyptians used them to control flood water from the river Nile and the result was significant as they prevented the run-off flood water that destroyed their crops during the rainy season.

What is a gabion retention wall?

Therefore, a gabion wall is basically a type of wall used to support soil in the lateral direction and create multiple levels with the same. It is often seen in areas where the slopes of two different lands decently differ. For instance, a gabion retention wall is maximum in hilly areas where the roads are lower than the adjacent slopes, they are rigid and ensure hold the fortification in place, irrespective of the pressure of the soil from either side.

How does a gabion retaining wall work and how we can build it?

So, if you also want to build a retaining wall using gabions, your first responsibility will be to understand how it works and the benefits. You will only be able to construct the best structure with maximum longevity and durability once you are sure of the working and advantages of a gabion retention wall. To help you, we have listed some of the major aspects of the gabion retention wall and features.

Gabion Basket is made from welded mesh or woven /hexagonal mesh of heavily galvanized steel wire. and then filled with natural stones of different shapes and sizes. Each basket is then connected with the surrounding ones using connector wires. The entire fortification is constructed so the wall can slope away from the terrain to hold the soil quickly and withstand its pressure.

gabion retention wall

The Gabions you see in the retaining walls do not require concrete or any other raw materials for construction rather than it’s easy to install in less time in comparison to concrete or any other wall. You can fill it with large stones, especially the cobbler ones, that can easily balance the pressure offered by the soil on either side laterally.

Advantage of Gabion and Gabion Wall 

Nowadays gabion is used not only for engineering purposes it is also used for gardening walls, planters, benches, furniture, fencing wall, and indoor and outdoor decorative purpose. It can also be filled with wood, glass bottles, grass, tiers, pipes, grass, coconut shell, etc., it is known as a do-it-yourself gabion. These walls last up to 10 to 75 years depending upon the environment in which they are installed. The gabion walls are an excellent solution for reducing noise from traffic, loud neighbours, and industrial noise since gabion are porous as they are filled with layers of stones and rocks.

It not only gives a natural look it also gives an eco-friendly environment to your surroundings and will reduce about 80% of the carbon emission produced by the concert walls. Hence it’s a good thing to create environment-friendly surrounding, instead of sticking to the boring concrete wall.

gabion retention wall

Gabion wall fencing gives an aesthetic view to your home. Why still begin stuck with the boring concrete wall and steel or wooden fencing work? Why not try gabion fencing to upgrade your home look to the next level which gives you a feel to join with nature?

If you are looking for an expert in gabion wall and fence, do not look any further and connect with Admax Gabions at the earliest.  Admax Gabion brings an eco-friendly aesthetic setup to your spaces. Contact our Gabion Experts  now at +971 50 3007123 and Email us [email protected].

What type of rocks are used in the Gabion box

Gabion box

What type of rocks are used in the Gabion box

Gabion box

Have you seen walls, columns, floors, and other structures made of wire mesh and stones?

If yes, then you are probably wondering what they are called because, to be honest, they can add incredible beauty to the overall landscape, stability to the structures, and even level out the slopes easily. These structures are known as gabions and can be arranged in different ways to form pillars, floors, stairs, walls, and many more.

However, the fundamental construction unit of all these structures is the gabion box. It is made out of a wire mesh with different heights, breadth, and lengths. In other words, the volume of the gabion boxes can be different based on the structure to be created and the construction area where it will be installed.

What material is used to fill the gabion box?

Although there are several materials with which the gabion boxes can be filled, most people use rocks to fill the structures and stabilize them appropriately. These rocks are made from different materials and come in various shapes and sizes. Since gabions have a rustic touch, the rocks are collected from natural sources, so you can see their surfaces have uneven shapes.

Gabion box

Factors to consider to choose rocks for gabions

There are certain factors based on which you can choose the rocks for the gabion box. We have briefly discussed them in the below section for your better understanding.

1. Stone shape: As we discussed earlier, you will have complete freedom in choosing the stone shapes for filling the gabion boxes. It can be the pebbled shape usually found in cobblestone pathways or with rough, irregular edges like the broken stones from large rocks.

2. Size of gabion stones: You must also check the stone size for filling the gabion boxes. If the wire mesh has smaller holes, you can choose pebbled-sized stones to fill the boxes. Similarly, if the mesh has larger holes, you must use larger stones, almost the size of the river stones. You need to use stones with sizes larger than the size of the wire mesh holes. This way, the rocks won’t fall out of the gabions.

3. Strength and durability: The next factor you need to check for is the strength and durability of the stones used in the gabion box. For instance, you cannot use charcoal or coal because they are amorphous and cannot retain solid structures. Similarly, if you use large chunks of rocks, the wire mesh won’t be able to hold their weight. So, you need stones with the right strength that stabilize the gabion boxes and are highly durable.

Gabion box

What are the popular rocks used to fill the gabion boxes?

There are multiple options for the rocks or stones with which you can fill the gabion box. Following are some of the choices you have in hand.

a. River stones are quite large and heavy, which is why they are ideal for constructing larger gabion boxes. You won’t have any problem stabilizing the boxes.

b. Pebbles: Although pebbles are usually found in smaller sizes, you can get the larger ones that can be kept inside the boxes to stabilize them.

c. Broken rock pieces: The broken rock pieces are another amazing rock option for the gabion boxes.


Since now you understand the types of stones to be used in the gabion box and their characteristics, Now it’s time for you to call us. Admax Gabion brings an eco-friendly aesthetic setup to your spaces. Contact our Gabion Experts  now at +971 50 3007123 and Email us [email protected].

Advantage of Gabion Walls in the Landscape

Gabion wall

Advantage of Gabion Walls in the Landscape

Gabion wall

Landscaping is perhaps one of the most difficult tasks, especially when the slope is uneven or the soil is not robust enough to hold the structure together. This is why many contractors use supportive structures that can easily sustain the surrounding pressure to be placed on the ground, establish a proper drainage system, and balance the slope.

Although there are several intricacies with which landscaping can be strong, the gabion wall has become the most preferred one for the benefits it provides. This article describes gabion walls, their advantages, and the challenges you might face while using them for landscaping.

What is a gabion wall?

First and foremost, it’s important to learn what a gabion wall is. Gabions are solid structures of various shapes and sizes made with a wire mesh. The mesh has holes of different sizes as per the requirement. Once the framework is prepared, the interior is filled with sand, river stones, or anything like these items.

Since stones and other heavyweight items are added to the gabion structure, the structure is stable and won’t wobble. A gabion wall is made by stacking multiple gabion boxes together in a vertical shape. Although it can be used in various ways, landscaping is the major area where it is used.

How is gabion wall ideal for landscaping?

Before you install the gabion wall in your landscape, knowing about its benefits is crucial. This way, you can make a well-informed decision with ease. Here are some of the benefits of the gabion walls.

1. Adds Texture: One of the many reasons why gabion walls are used in landscaping is to add texture to the landscape. Usually, when you are designing the landscape, you require certain elements that can create a natural look while adding a rustic touch. This is where the gabion wall comes into play. Using the wire mesh and the stones to fill the structures will add a wonderful texture to the landscape.

Gabion wall

2. Establish drainage system: Landscaping is not easy when you have a soil structure with a poor drainage system. You won’t be able to grow plants or keep the entire landscape in proper condition after a shower. Therefore, using the gabion walls will be helpful since they allow proper water drainage. For instance, if you fill the gabions with fuller earth or river stones, the materials will allow the water to filter out properly and directly go to the underground water table.

3. Stabilizes the ground: If the soil in your area is extremely soft, clayey, or sandy, you won’t be able to keep everything in a proper position. For instance, if you want to install a fountain, you won’t be able to do so with softer soil. This is why you need the gabion wall to stabilize the structures appropriately.

Gabion wall



In this article, we have walked you through some of the fundamentals of the gabion wall in landscaping. You now understand the advantages of using this specific structure to build the landscape.  Admax Gabion brings an eco-friendly aesthetic setup to your spaces. contact our expert team now at +971 50 3007123 and [email protected].

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